Plato’s Republic

“The Republic”
-Plato 427-347 B.C.

“For  you yourselves,  at the first foundation of the State,
admitted  the  principle that everybody was to do  the  one  work
suited  to his own nature.” (Communism “from each acording to his
ability”)

“That the wives of our guardians (unless soldiers) are to  be
common,  and their children are to be common, and no parent is to
know hiw own child, nor any child his parent.”

“The  principle has been already laid down that the best  of
either  sex  should  be united with the best as  often,  and  the
inferior with the inferior,  as seldom as possible; and that they
should  rear the offspring of the one sort of union,  but not  of
the  other,  if  the   flock is to be  maintained  in  first-rate
condition.

“A  woman at twenty years of age may begin  to  bear
children  to  the  State.   (Hitler’s program for a  super  Aryan
nation)

“Strict  orders to prevent any embryo which  may  come
into being from seeing the light.”  (Abortion?”)

“Until philosophers are kings,  or the kings and princes  of
this world have the spirit and power of philosophy, and political
greatness  and  wisdom meet in one…cities will never have  rest
from their evils-no, nor the human race.”

“Whom  do we mean when we say that philosophers are to  rule
in the State?”

“May we not say of the philosopher that he is a lover,  not of
a part of wisdom only, but of the whole?”

“Philosophers are lovers of the vision of truth.”

“He,  having  a sense of beautiful things,  has no sense  of
absolute beauty (the average man).”

“Being is the sphere or subject-matter of knowledge.”

“Those  who  love the truth in each thing are to  be  called
lovers of wisdom and not lovers of opinion.”

“The  manner in which the best men are treated in their  own
States is so grievous that no single thing on earth is comparable
to it.”

“A  nature having in perfection all the qualities  which  we
require  in  a philosopher is a rare plant which is seldom  seen
among men.”

“Evil  is  a greater enemy to what is good than to  what  is
not.”

“He (those mercenary individuals) who thinks that wisdom  is
the   discernment  of  the  temper  and  tastes  of  the   motley
multitude…the opinion of the many.”

“A small man never was the doer of any great thing either to
individuals or to States.”

“Sophists?”

“Sophisms?”

“(Philosophers)  have also seen enough of the madness of the
multitude;  and  they know that no politician is honest,  nor  is
there any champion of justice at whose side they may fight and be
saved.”

“Seeing  the  rest of mankind full  of  wickedness,  he  is
content,  if only he can live his own life and be pure from  evil
or  unrighteousness,  and  deport in peace  and  good-will,  with
bright hopes.”

(Ye are in the world, but not part of the world:  Jesus.)

“Dialectic?”

“Crown  this  life  with  a similar  happiness  in  another”
(Reincarnation?  An afterlife?  Resurrection?)

“The courts of law.”  (400 B.C.)

“Finding fault with them, who make persons instead of things
the theme of their conversation.”

“Our laws (philosophers), if they could be enacted, would be
for  the  best,  but  also that the  enactment  of  them,  though
difficult, is not imposible.”

“I  omitted  the troublesome business of the  possession  of
women, and the procreation of children.”

“The  idea  of  good is the highest  knowledge.”   (what  is
“good?”)

“Most people affirm pleasure to be the good.”

“There are bad pleasures as well as good.”

“There is an absolute beauty and an absolute good.”

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