Christianity is based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, the Christ, in Palestine.
In this it is similar to Buddhism and Islam, in that one person founded each of these religions.
In the case of Buddhism, Gautama Siddhartha, who lived in the 6th century B.C. in India,
proclaimed its teachings and founded a community of monks, being their great teacher, and
rejected any ideas of his divinity. A branch of Buddhism (Mahayana) considers him an eternal
being who one worships.
As for Islam, the prophet Mohammed lived in the 7th century A.D in Mecca, Arabia, wrote the
Koran as inspired by Angel Gabriel, and led his followers both in worship and battle. His
revelations testified of “one God, Allah”.
Judaism is based upon many people witnessing to the revelations of “one God, Yahweh”.
“Christ” is Greek for “Messiah” an old Testament concept that means “ the anointed”, and
originally meant that a king from the line of the House of David would arise, deliver Israel from
foreign domination, and restore it to its status during its golden age (900-600 B.C.).
A number of Jesus’ desciples, and many of His contemporaries, did look to Jesus as a political
and military leader, and could not fathom His assertion that His kingdom was “not of this
Jesus strongly intimated that He was the son of God, although He does not actually speak
these words in the Gospels. His words led the rabbinical authorities of His day to call for His
death, claiming that He had blasphemed against God.
Jesus himself considered that He was preaching to the Jews of His day, to ask them to reject
the Oral Transitions of the Pharisees and Sadducees, and return to the basic teachings found
in the Torah. He often preached in the temple at Jerusalem, and mention is made of
synagogues, although the Old Testament makes only one reference to synagogues in Psalms
This emphasis upon the law, and its strict observance, combined with rabbinical
interpretations and additions after the fall of the First Temple, was a major basis for His
dispute with the Pharisees and Sadicees, ultimately leading to His crucifixion and death.
He never criticized the animal sacrifices as practiced in the temple of Jerusalem. In fact, His
parent offered animal sacrifice of two turtledoves on the occasion of His birth(Luke 2:24).
His own crucifixion follows this Semitic custom of animal blood sacrifice, starting with Abel’s
animal sacrifices, and the idea of a scapegoat bearing the sins of the people into the desert.
He particularly was interested in the innermost thoughts of a person’s soul, that these thoughts
should be pure and noble, and that blindly following the law, with an unclean heart, was
He summed up the law and the prophets in this manner, that one should love the Lord thy God
with all one’s heart, and with all one’s soul, and with all one’s mind. And that one should love thy
neighbor as thyself (Matthew 22:37)
He really directed His teachings solely to the Jews of His time, though in the last chapter of
Matthew is the So-called “Great Commission,” to go and teach all nations and baptize them.
Jesus also taught that He was the only link between man and God, i.e “no one cometh unto the
father but by me” (John 14:6).
After His death and resurrection, the disciples continued to meet together, and they and their
followers had all things in common, divided among themselves as they had need (communism).
Compared to other historical figures, there is a lot of documentation about Jesus. However,
nearly 100% is contained in the gospels and the epistles.
Josephus, a Jewish historian of the 2nd century, writes as follows “the brother of Jesus, the
so-called Christ, James by name” was stoned to death as a Jewish heretic in A. D. 62..
And there are several references in the Jewish Talmud, i.e. ______.
But no physical artifact from the first century related to Him has been discovered and verified,
although the Shroud of Turin continues to make the claim that it is the burial cloth that covered
the face of Jesus.
The first church was established in Jerusalem by James, the brother of Jesus. Others were
Philadelphia (Amman), Antioch, Damascus, the Copts in Egypt, Ethiopia, Kerala in southwest
Later strong churches were formed in Rome, Italy and in Constantinople, Greece. These two
churches, the Roman Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, became bitter enemies, with
the church at Rome teaching that everyone that was not a member of the Roman Catholic
church was a heretic, and liable to be burned at the stake.
In the days of the Holy Roman Empire, everything was dominated by the Popes, insisting that
everyone conform to their teachings, being forced to recant heresy or be excommunicated and
possibly burnt at the stake.
About 1000 A.D. the Popes initiated the Crusades, which were wars to free the Holy Land
(Palestine) from the sovereignty of the Moslems.
Later, beginning in the 1500’s, missionaries were sent to non-Christian countries, and the
missionaries were often followed by soldiers.
(eat your God)